"Knowing what I do, there would be no future peace for me if I kept silent... It is, in the deepest sense, a privilege as well as a duty to speak out to many thousands of people..." —Rachel Carson
Rachel Carson

The Rachel Carson Council, an association for the integrity of the environment, founded in 1965, seeks to inform and advise the public about the effects of pesticides that threaten the health, welfare, and survival of living organisms and biological systems. The Council promotes alternative, environmentally benign pest management strategies to encourage healthier, sustainable living. ...more

The pesticide chemical in pure form (95-100% concentration) as it is manufactured by a chemical company prior to being formulated into wettable powders, dusts, emulsifiable concentrates, granules, etc.
Absence of thirst, or abnormal avoidance of drinking.
Absence of the hair from skin areas where it normally is present.
An unusual or exaggerated reaction of the organism to foreign protein or other substances; decreasing immunity instead of increasing it.
A compound that causes excessive nerve transmission at (cholinergic) synapses by blocking ability of cholinesterase to break down acetylcholine into acetic acid and choline. Chemicals with this activity include poisons of the nerve gas type as well as pesticides of the organophosphate or carbamate class.
Neuralgia or pain in a joint.
Failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action.
(auricular): A condition characterized by irregular convulsive movements of the aria of the heart, the number of impulses being great, and individual fibers acting independently (ventricular): A condition characterized by fibrillary twitching of the ventricular muscle, with the impulses traversing the ventricles so rapidly that coordinated contractions cannot occur.
Abnormal slowness of the heartbeat, as evidenced by slowing of the pulse rate to 60 or less.
The Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) bacteria produce a toxic protein lethal to caterpillars due to a unique condition in the caterpillar intestinal tract. The gene for the Bt protein has been transplanted into a corn plant producing transgenic Bt corn. This is a patented life form.
A chemical class that includes insecticides. They may or may not act as anticholinesterases (or cholinesterase inhibitors). Includes the insecticides: methomyl, carbaryl, propoxur (which are cholinesterase inhibitors) and fenoxycarb (which is not a cholinesterase inhibitor). Those acting as cholinesterase inhibitors are neurotoxic agents that can have additive effects with organophosphates (OPs). They can be very acutely toxic, but do not bind as tightly to the sites of action as do the OPs.
a substance that can cause cancer.
Any substance capable of producing cancer.
Chemical Abstract Service http://www.cas.org/ which assigns numbers for chemicals used in commerce.
- A cleansing or purgation, especially for the digestive system.
A compound that causes excessive nerve transmission at (cholinergic) synapses by blocking ability of cholinesterase to break down acetylcholine into acetic acid and choline. Chemicals with this activity include poisons of the nerve gas type as well as pesticides of the organophosphate or carbamate class.
A compound that causes excessive nerve transmission at (cholinergic) synapses by blocking ability of cholinesterase to break down acetylcholine into acetic acid and choline. Chemicals with this activity include poisons of the nerve gas type as well as pesticides of the organophosphate or carbamate class.
A disease or condition associated with the process of clot formation.
Inflammation of the conjunctiva, the delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eyeball.
A lack or defect regarding any of the twelve pairs of nerves that are connected with the brain.
(in dogs)- A syndrome which may be accompanied by signs of polydipsia [excessive, extended thirst], polyuria [passing a large volume of urine in a given period], abdominal distension, lethargy, muscular weakness, and testicular shrinkage.
Effect associated with certain organophosphates which starts several weeks following recovery from acute toxicity. Signs usually start at the extremities, arms and legs. Can be permanent or temporary and may be accompanied by nervous tissue degeneration.
effects may become evident some time after exposure which may delay treatment
Any superficial loss of the skin, such as that produced by scratching.
Inflammation of the skin.
Characterized by or promoting excessive perspiration.
Difficult or labored breathing.
Brings about a change in the ecosystem. Since we do not understand completely the function and structure of most ecosystems, we generally are not aware of all the ecological effects of our actions. Ecological effects which could result from use of chemical insecticide products outdoors include harm to birds and beneficial insects as well as poisoning of fish, and aquatic invertebrates.
An interacting system of all living organisms in an area and their non-living environment.
The presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body; usually applied to demonstrable accumulation of excessive fluid in the subcutaneous tissues.
the escape of fluid into a part or tissue.
An exogenous agent that interferes with the synthesis, secretion, transport, binding action or elimination of natural hormones in the body that are responsible for the maintenance of homeostasis, reproduction, development, and behavior.
The field of science relating to the various factors that determine the frequencies and distributions of a disease or condition in a human or animal community.
- A name applied to redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries.
Developed or originating outside the organism.
A small local contraction of muscles, visible through the skin, representing a spontaneous discharge of a number of fibers innervated by a single motor nerve filament.
a substance that can poison the fetus (child developing in the womb)
Any substance capable of causing toxic effects on the fetus.
Pain of the muscle fibers.
A sensation as if small insects were crawling over the skin.
The physical form in which insecticide products are marketed, generally a combination of the active ingredients with inert substances, other carriers, solvents, etc. The inert ingredients are not intended to act on the pest for which the product is labeled, although they may prove toxic to other pests or to non-target plants or animals. The resulting insecticide products may have the form of sprays, dusts, granules, pour-ons, aerosols, collars or wipes.
GABA is the acronym for Gamma Amino Butyric Acid, a neurotransmitter. GABA acts to stop transmission of impulses in vertebrates and invertebrates. It operates at sites in the choloride channel of the nerves in the central nervous system of mammals and throughout the nervous system of insects. Fipronil, type II pyrethroids and some organophosphates can act on various aspects of the GABA receptor.
Genetic Engineering is based on the technology which makes possible the ability to move genetic material (DNA) from one organism (a virus, fungus or animal) to another organism (a plant, animal or bacteria). Totally new life forms can be created by this technology. Thus these novel life forms can be patented.
Expelling blood from the respiratory tract.
Bleeding
Pertaining to the liver.
Abnormally increased sensitiveness of the skin.
Abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements.
An abnormally high body temperature; fever.
Obstruction of the intestines.
a substance that damages the immune system
The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) defines the standards by which insecticide products must be registered. FIFRA requires that the technical chemicals in a product only be tested on birds, fish, and small mammals, not on trees or other plant life. In addition, the USEPA may waive the requirement for proof of efficacy. Once the technical chemical has fulfilled all requirements, the formulated products which contain that chemical undergo limited acute toxicity testing on laboratory animals as a minimum requirement.
A lethal dose for 50% of the test organisms. The dose of toxicant producing 50% mortality in a population. A value used in presenting mammalian toxicity, usually oral toxicity, expressed as milligrams of toxicant per kilogram of body weight (mg/kg).
An increase in the number of white cells in the blood.
Having an affinity for fat
The mass of tissues and organs separating the two lungs, between the sternum in the front and the vertebral column behind, and from the thoracic inlet above to the diaphragm below. It contains the heart and its large vessels, the trachea, esophagus, thymus, lymph nodes, and other structures and tissues, and is divided into anterior, middle and posterior and superior regions.
Excessive contraction of the pupil.
Types of acetylcholine receptors which can affect the GI tract, respiratory system, urinary tract, and the eyes.
Types of acetylcholine receptors which can affect the GI tract, respiratory system, urinary tract, and the eyes.
a substance that causes mutation in cells
Pain in a muscle or muscles.
Extreme or morbid dilation of the pupil.
Death of tissue, usually as individual cells, groups of cells, or in small localized areas.
A type of chemical weapon with anticholinesterase activity. This is also the mode of action of the organophosphate and carbamate pesticides. For both, the nerve gas and the pesticide, atropine is the antidote.
The means by which the body coordinates activity. It is composed of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves.
Pain of the nerves.
Functional disturbance and/or pathological changes in the peripheral nervous system.
Harmful to the nervous system.
a substance that damages nerves or the nervous system
Insecticides (also one or two herbicides and fungicides) derived from phosphoric acid esters
Inflammation of bone usually caused by an infectious organism.
Inflammation of the pancreas, a part of the digestive system, with pain and tenderness of the abdomen and vomiting.
Deficiency of all the cell elements of the blood; aplastic anemia.
Morbid or perverted sensation; an abnormal sensation, as burning, prickling, formication, etc.
Abnormal intolerance of light
Excessive thirst persisting for long periods of time.
The passage of a large volume of urine in a given period.
Extreme exhaustion or powerlessness.
Itching
Pulmonary Edema
An effusion of serous fluid into the air vesicles and interstitial tissue of the lungs.
Synthetic insecticides and nerve toxins belonging to the pyrethroid class must be distinguished from the naturally occurring pyrethrin/pyrethrums isolated from chrysanthemums. Pyrethroids are much more potent, toxic, and significantly more persistent in the environment than are the plant-derived compounds (see Section 2, Overview, Part I-1 Pyrethroids for details). Occasionally, chemical company representatives try to blur this distinction by stating that pyrethroids are derived from the natural pyrethrums, but this is misleading. Pyrethroids are synthesized products designed to be more powerful and longer lasting insecticides than are the pyrethrums, partly because the latter are too easily destroyed by ultraviolet light.
A fever, or a febrile condition; abnormal elevation of the body temperature.
Any abnormal respiratory sound heard while listening with a stethoscope and indicating some pathologic condition.
A number assigned to a pesticide product by the EPA when the product is registered by the manufacturer or his designated agent. The number must appear on all labels for a particular product
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose.
The clear portion of any animal liquid separated from its more solid elements especially the clear liquid portion of the blood (without the blood cells) that can diffuse into body cavities.
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth.
A chemical which interacts with another chemical to dramatically increase the potency of one or both of the chemicals.
Inflammation of a synovial [joint-lining] membrane. It is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by a fluctuating swelling, due to effusion within a synovial sac.
Affecting the body generally; distributed throughout the body. [It can pertain to plants as well as to animals.]
Excessive rapidity in the action of the heart.
Excessive rapidity of respiration; a respiratory neurosis marked by quick, shallow breathing.
The pesticide chemical in pure form (95-100% concentration) as it is manufactured by a chemical company prior to being formulated into wettable powders, dusts, emulsifiable concentrates, granules, etc
The pesticide chemical in pure form (95-100% concentration) as it is manufactured by a chemical company prior to being formulated into wettable powders, dusts, emulsifiable concentrates, granules, etc.
a substance that can cause birth defects
Any substance capable of producing structural abnormalities of prenatal origin, present at birth or manifested shortly thereafter
pertaining to the chest
Decrease in the number of blood platelets.
A group of specialized cells that are connected and perform a given function, such as lung tissue, skin tissue, etc.
Treatment applied to the body’s surface, such as an animal’s skin or coat.
Any disease condition due to poisoning.
A transgenic plant is one in which a genetically engineered method has been used to insert foreign genetic material (DNA). In the case of the Bt transgenic corn (for example) the genetic material comes from bacteria.
(USEPA)- Formed in 1970, responsible for enforcement of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, (FIFRA). Registers pesticide products if it is determined that they do not pose an “unreasonable” risk to human health and the environment when used as directed by product labeling.
A vascular reaction of the skin marked by the transient appearance of smooth, slightly cleaved elevated patches (eruptions), which are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often attended by severe itching. The eruption rarely lasts longer than two days, but may exist in a chronic form.
Formed in 1970, responsible for enforcement of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, (FIFRA). Registers pesticide products if it is determined that they do not pose an “unreasonable” risk to human health and the environment when used as directed by product labeling.
A hallucination of movement; a sensation as if the external world were revolving around the patient or as if he himself were revolving in space. The term is sometimes erroneously used as a synonym for dizziness.
increases the toxicity of viruses that an exposed person or animal encounters

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06/19/14: SEJ's 24th Annual Conference

Join RCC President and CEO Dr. Robert K. Musil
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